Как подписаться на "бумажную" версию газеты "Тиква - Ор Самеах"?
Звоните по тел. 358180 или 358179 (заявки на подписку принимаются с понедельника по четверг с 9.00 до 16.00).

Rabbis of Europe in Odessa

CHIEF RABBI OF UKRAINE: «ODESSA IS EUROPE!»

“Jewish community of Ukraine is integrated in Europe and is a part of Jewish community”, - this confidence was expressed by chief rabbi of Ukraine Yaakov Dov Bleich today (30 May 2007) in Odessa.

Chief rabbi of Ukraine Yaakov Dov Bleich

Chief rabbi of Ukraine Yaakov Dov Bleich

He said it at press-conference on results of meeting of Standing Committee of Conference of European Rabbis (CER), the biggest international union of Jewish communities and their leaders, in which Ukraine is represented since 1992. President of CER and chief rabbi of France Yosef Sitruk, constant representative of CER in European Union, chief rabbi of Brussels Albert Gigi, chief rabbi of Moscow Pinchas Goldschmidt, chief rabbi of Rome Dr. Ricardo Di Sengi, President of European supreme rabbinic court rabbi Hanoh Ehrentreau and others took part in the forum.

The fact itself of holding of representative forum of Jewish religious leaders in Odessa rabbi Yaakov Dov Bleich considers to be the evidence, that today Odessa community is an example for communities not only in Eastern, but also in Western Europe. “Our West-European colleagues, who visited Odessa for the first time, were really surprised. The work held in this community is of historical size”, - said chief rabbi of Moscow Pinchas Goldschmidt.

Chief rabbi of Ukraine Yaakov Dov Bleich told that in framework of 3-days meeting the participants discussed the problems of anti-Semitism in Europe, underlining necessity of further consolidation of efforts of civil society and representatives of different religions for opposition to any expressions of xenophobia, racism and national intolerance.

"The question of anti-Semitism, perhaps, is an eternal and very painful question, - considers chief rabbi of Odessa and Odessa region, member of Standing Committee CER, Shlomo Baksht. – To my mind anti-Semitism as a phenomenon can not be finally explained, because it’s unfamiliar to human logic. Of course, it’s clear, that 3 thousand years aged problem can’t be solved during one meeting. But rising and discussing this theme, responding to every display of wild prejudices, we are solving this question in a way”.

It was also stated at the meeting, that CER stands for continuation of inter-confessional dialogue. In connection with that rabbi Yaakov Dov Bleich underlined, that in Ukraine the problem of inter-religious icejam is less actual, than in many other European countries. “As a member of all-Ukrainian council of churches and religious organizations, I can say, that we, representatives of all confessions, meet on regular basis. It’s always like that, when there is a dialogue, when people sit together and talk, it’s possible to solve any question and to get rid of icejam”.

At the meeting of Standing Committee of CER it was spoken about spread of system of Jewish educational institutions in European countries as about one of the main directions of activity. Rabbi Bleich, in particular, pointed out, that the distinctive feature of Eastern-European communities, especially at post-Soviet territory, is that their re-creation started with opening of Jewish schools. “Rabbi, who has a good school, is a good rabbi!”, - summarized chief rabbi of Ukraine.

Forum participants, who visited pre-school and school institutions of Odessa educational complex “Tikva” – “Ohr Sameah”, highly estimated the level of their work; in particular they pointed the unique experience of Odessa Jewish University. According to words of chief rabbi of Moscow Pinchas Goldschmidt it has no analogues at the entire post-Soviet territory. The day before the first ceremony of bachelor diploma delivery was held in national university.

Rabbi Yaakov Dov Bleich also informed that question of opening of CER permanent representation and European supreme rabbi court in Ukraine was discussed in Odessa. Rabbi courts have the competence in all questions regarding marriages, concluded in accordance with Halakha (Jewish religious legislation), divorces, etc. The problem of restitution - return of Jewish property to communities - was also discussed during work and at the meeting with chairman of Odessa regional state administration, Ivan Plachkov.

INFO. Conference of European Rabbis (CER), the biggest union of orthodox Jewish leaders in Europe, was created in 1956. 400 Jewish communities are represented in CER from more than 40 countries, all chief rabbis and heads of rabbi courts of the continent. CER obtains the status of consultant at Council of Europe and institutions of European Union.

TO FEEL AT HOME

Today (29 May 2007) chairman of Odessa regional state administration Ivan Plachkov met with representatives of Standing Committee of CER.

His quests – participants of Standing Committee CER meeting that is taking place in Odessa – informed the governor about activity of CER, the biggest union, which consists of all chief rabbis and heads of rabbi courts of the continent.

In particular, at the meeting the questions of security and order at Jewish cemeteries in Odessa region were discussed. Their condition according to Ivan Plachkov, remains not as good as it could be (including cemeteries in Bolgrad region, where Head of Odessa region administration was born). There were discussed facts of vandalism, which took place in Odessa: in February graves at III Jewish cemetery and memorial to victims of Nazi at Lyustdorfskaya road were violated.

Also governor informed representatives of CER about measures, which are being taken by regional authorities relatively repair and restoration of architectural monument of local significance – former Brodskaya synagogue, which is occupied with the state archive of Odessa region. Complex of emergency preventive activities in historic building was already taken. It’s planned that repair works will start in September.

Answering the question why Odessa was chosen for this representative forum as meeting of Standing Committee of CER, guests expressed the common opinion: Odessa Judaic religious community “Tikva” – “Ohr Sameah” is the best example for all Jewish communities of not only Eastern, but also Western Europe. Minister of Cabinet of ministers of Israel Mishulam Nachari added: to his opinion, successful development of community contributes to the fact, that “Jews in Odessa feel themselves at home”.

In response, Ivan Plachkov said, that Odessa region is poly-ethnic, representatives of 133 nationalities live here. And he himself, being Bulgarian, never felt himself as “a representative of national minority”. “Odessit is a nationality!”, - finalized the governor.

TO RETURN PEACE TO DECEASED

“Any Jewish cemetery is the part of history of not only Jewish community, but also of the territory, where it is located”, - this opinion was expressed by chief rabbi of Rome Ricardo Segni.

Head of Jewish community in Rome takes part in meeting of Standing Committee of Conference of European Rabbis that takes place in Odessa. Among questions which are being discussed by chief rabbis from Great Britain, France, Italy, Belgium, Hungary and other European countries, - international project of creation of database of Jewish cemeteries of Europe, and also the question of cemeteries’ reconstruction and preservation.

As a positive example chief rabbi of Rome Ricardo Segni told about cooperation of Jewish community with Italian authorities: the oldest Jewish cemetery of Europe (it’s more than 2 thousand years), that is located in catacombs of Rome is officially recognized a monument, that has a great historic meaning.

Deputy chairman of Lyubashovka regional administration Mikhail Panchenko speaks out in front of participants of meeting of Standing Committee of CER.

Deputy chairman of Lyubashovka regional administration Mikhail Panchenko speaks out in front of participants of meeting of Standing Committee of CER.

Meanwhile, for Eastern Europe, in particular, for Ukraine, the problem of preservation of not only historic cemeteries, but also of Jewish burials of II World war, remains actual. Many common graves, where victims of Nazi genocide were buried, are either watched over not in a proper way, or were not yet established. Special attention was given today to the message of special guest, deputy chairman of Lyubashovka regional administration (Odessa region) Mikhail Panchenko.

He said that in process of work over gass-pipe, human bones were found. At present 6 uncounted graves are found. Mikhail Panchenko is sure, that according to archive data and evidences of witnesses, it’s possible to make the conclusion, that in this area Jews, destroyed by occupants, were buried. 4700 people – local inhabitants and those who were deported from other regions of Moldova and Ukraine, were prisoners of the concentration camp, located in village Gvozdavka of Lyubashovka district during the war.

To immortalize memory of these people by erection of memorial at the place of former concentration camp – this initiative of Lyubashovka inhabitants was proposed to CER by representative of regional authorities. Chief rabbi of Odessa and Odessa region Shlomo Baksht thanked Mikhail Panchenko and assured, that Odessa Judaic religious community “Tikva” – “Ohr Sameah” will participate in this project, both in financial and organizational activity.
том проекте – как организационно, так и финансово.

Читайте также

FIRST BACHELORS OF JEWISH UNIVERSITY

Today (29 May 2007) President of European supreme rabbi court, rabbi Hanoh Ehrentreu gave bachelor diplomas to the first students of Odessa Jewish University.

The graduation ceremony was held with participation of religious leaders from different countries of Europe – members of Standing Committee of Conference of European Rabbis (CER), the biggest international union of Jewish communities, which consist of all chief rabbis and heads of rabbi courts of the continent.

The meeting of Standing Committee of Conference of CER continued today in Odessa, where the theme of problems of Jewish education in countries of Europe was discussed. Forum participants, who visited pre-school and school institutions of Odessa educational complex “Tikva” – “Ohr Sameah”, highly estimated the level of their work; in particular they pointed the unique experience of Odessa Jewish University. According to words of chief rabbi of Moscow Pinchas Goldschmidt it has no analogues at the entire post-Soviet territory.

Odessa Jewish University was founded in 2003. It became the first national higher educational institution in Odessa. At present 158 students study here according to the program of Ukrainian state higher educational institution, which is added with cycle of Jewish disciplines (tradition, Hebrew, Jewish history and literature). Bachelor diplomas were delivered to 28 fourth-year students today.

“It’s an outstanding and pleasant event for us, - pointed out director of University Mark Dreerman. – Our students for the first time receive Bachelor Diplomas. It’s our first and of course, dear class. And that fact, that we are greeted today by chief rabbis of European countries, - is a big honor both for teachers and students”.

Besides diploma of state issue on basis specialty (pre-school education, psychology and social pedagogy, English language and foreign literature, management and finance), students of Jewish University after graduation will receive international certificates, that give them right to teach Hebrew and Jewish tradition.

In near future it’s planned in the University to increase the number of specialties in frameworks of cooperation with Odessa National University named after Mechnikov and South-Ukrainian pedagogical University named after Ushinsky. Correspondent agreements with these institutions were already achieved, - as Mark Dreerman says.

"ANTI-SEMITISM IS A VIRUS THAT MUTATES"

“If only Jews fight against anti-Semitism in Europe, this fight will be of no success”, - this opinion was expressed at press-conference in Odessa by chief rabbi of Moscow, head of Standing Committee of Conference of European Rabbis (CER), Pinchas Goldschmidt.

In Odessa he takes part in meeting of committee, held on the base of Odessa Judaic religious community “Tikva” – “Ohr Sameah”. Rabbi Goldschmidt expressed confidence, that to withstand to any displays of xenophobia, racism, national intolerance, it’s necessary to use joint efforts both from the side of civil society and all confessions. He compared anti-Semitism to constantly mutating virus; he reminded that if in middle ages this phenomenon had strictly religious character, and in new European history it transformed into Nazism. Now this virus gets the religious coloring again under the aegis of radical Islamic fundamentalism.

This tendency finds its display in many European countries. For example, as chief rabbi of Rome Dr. Ricardo Di Segni told to our correspondent, at present time 1 million of Muslims live in Italy. “It’s quite a new factor not only for Italian Jews but also for the entire country, - head of Jewish community of Rome stressed. – There appears a problem of adaptation of emigrants, who have to find a place for them and for their religion among those, who live in Italy. But what is the most scaring, that we come across – is the extreme display of fanaticism, extremism. We try to do enough complicated work to find those people, who would understand the necessity of agreements, dialogue, similar to the one, that is being successfully conducted during several years, for example with Vatican”. One of the forms of creation of this kind of dialogue was called by rabbi Di Signe his visit to the biggest mosque in Rome: it became the first and caused significant social resonance.

Говоря о своих первых одесских впечатлениях, еще один участник раSpeaking about his first Odessa impressions, one more participant of the meeting – director of CER in international ties Philip Karmel – paid attention to the fact, that in Odessa “Jews in skullcaps can walk in the street without any fear”, though at the same time in many countries of Western Europe the free wearing of religious attributes often provokes anti-Semite attacks. It’s not by chance, that some time ago chief rabbi of France Yosef Sitruk was impelled to appeal to religious Jews of his country to wear baseball-caps and caps in public places.

Besides the problem of anti-Semitism in Europe, the participants of Odessa meeting of Standing Committee of Conference of European Rabbis intend to discuss different aspects of relations between different religions. Besides that questions on spread of Jewish educational institutions in European countries, about cooperation with union of American rabbis were on the agenda of the day. Also international project of creation of database of all Jewish cemeteries of Europe and about their restoration and preservation will be discussed.

President of CER and chief rabbi of France Yosef Sitruk; constant representative of CER in European Union, chief rabbi of Brussels Albert Gigi; representative of CER at UNESCO, chief rabbi of Geneva Yitzchak Dayan; chief rabbi of Moscow Pinchas Goldschmidt, chief rabbi of Rome Dr. Ricardo Di Sengi, President of European supreme rabbinic court rabbi Hanoh Ehrentreau and others take part in the forum.

ODESSA AS AN EXAMPLE TO BE FOLLOWED

Today (28.05.2007) in Odessa the meeting of Standing committee of Conference of European Rabbis (CER) started working. The forum was opened by President of CER and chief rabbi of France Yosef Sitruk.

Jewish religious leaders from Great Britain, France, Italy, Belgium, Hungary and other European countries participate in the meeting that will work till 30 May. Totally about 400 communities are represented at Conference of European Rabbis – from Dublin (Ireland) till Khabarovsk (Russia). This representative forum is held in Odessa for the first time. As director for international ties of CER Philip Karmel explained today at press-conference, the Ukrainian city was chosen because Odessa Jewish community “Tikva”-“Ohr Sameah” is “a very successful model for emulation for all Jewish communities”.

Chief rabbi of Moscow, head of Standing committee of CER Pinchas Goldschmidt highly estimated the experience of renovation of Jewish life in Odessa. He stressed, that “Odessa was one of most significant Jewish centers before revolution of 1917 and even before Holocaust. Here was the center of Jewish culture, center of Yiddish, center of Jewish doctrines. There were beautiful synagogues, best cantors, here Zionism started. All this was destroyed in 20th century. And today contemporary Odessa community with its schools, boarding schools and everything that was created here, we take as a wonderful resurrection. Odessa is a very good example for Jewish communities of not only Eastern, but also Western Europe.

In reply chief rabbi of Odessa and Odessa region Shlomo Baksht said that “Jewish community in Odessa would not prosper, if Odessa is not Odessa”.

Tomorrow, 29 May guests plan to get acquainted with Jewish educational institutions of the city. In particular, to participate in the ceremony of handing of the first bachelor diplomas to students of Odessa Jewish University.

INFO. Odessa Jewish educational complex “Tikva”-“Ohr Sameah” today consists of kindergarten, elementary school, schools for boys and girls, Jewish University, boarding schools, where children (from Ukraine and other countries of CIS) live at full board. Totally about 1000 children study at the complex. Besides that there are kolel and yeshiva (religious educational institutions, where future rabbis are prepared).

***

28.05.2007
CHIEF RABBIS OF EUROPE IN ODESSA

Today (28.05.2007) in Odessa the meeting of Standing committee of Conference of European Rabbis (CER), the biggest union of Jewish communities and their leaders in Europe will start working.

Participants of the meeting are: President of CER and chief rabbi of France Yosef Sitruk; constant representative of CER in European Union, chief rabbi of Brussels Albert Gigi; representative of CER at UNESCO, chief rabbi of Geneva Yitzchak Dayan; chief rabbi of Moscow Pinchas Goldschmidt, chief rabbi of Rome Dr. Ricardo Di Sengi, President of European supreme rabbinic court rabbi Hanoh Ehrentreau and others. Also minister of finance of Israel Mishulam Nachari and group of deputies of Knesset (Israel Parliament) will arrive to Odessa.

Receiving side - chief rabbi of Ukraine Yaakov Dov Bleich and chief rabbi of Odessa and Odessa region, member of Standing committee of Conference Shlomo Baksht.

It’s planned that during 3 days of work the participants of the forum will discuss problems of anti-Semitism in Europe, various aspects of relationship between different religions. Besides that on agenda there are questions about spread of Jewish educational institutions in European countries, about cooperation with the union of American rabbis. There will be also discussed the international project on creation of database of all European cemeteries of Europe and about their reconstruction and preservation.

In frames of this question, in particular, the message of deputy chairman of Lyubashovka district administration (Odessa region) Mikhail Panchenko will be listened to. The theme of it is the initiative of inhabitants of Lyubashovka district to erect the memorial in memory of Jews destroyed by Nazi at concentration camp that was located on the territory of the district during Great Patriotic war.

Today guests will hold the press-conference for Odessa and foreign mass-media. Visit to Jewish educational institutions, working in frames of complex “Tikva”-“Ohr Sameah” is planned for tomorrow.

INFO. Conference of European Rabbis (CER), the biggest union of orthodox Jewish leaders in Europe, was created in 1956. 400 Jewish communities are represented in CER from more than 40 countries, all chief rabbis and heads of rabbi courts of the continent. CER obtains the status of consultant at Council of Europe and institutions of European Union. Every two years forums of Conference with attraction of authoritative religious leaders, leading political and public figures of different countries, acknowledged European experts in different spheres of science are held in one of European capitals. The place for Conference of 2008 will be defined at the meeting in Odessa.

***

17.05.2007
28-30 MAY CHIEF RABBIS OF EUROPE WILL MEET IN ODESSA

The meeting in Odessa is tribute of respect not only to the Jewish community but also to the city, said executive director of Conference of European Rabbis, rabbi Aba Dunner (London). His announcement is being cited in appeal of directorate for international ties of Conference of European Rabbis (CER).

The biggest union of Jewish communities and their leaders in Europe consists of leaders of Jewish communities from more than 40 countries. All chief rabbis and heads of rabbi courts of the continent are represented in it. In international non-governmental organization under guidance of Council of Europe and institutions of European Union the Conference obtains the status of consultant.

On 28-30 May in Odessa on the base of Judaic religious community “Tikva”-“Ohr Sameah” there will be held the meeting of Standing committee of Conference of European Rabbis. Decision about conduction of the meeting exactly in Odessa was taken in 2006 in London at 50th anniversary meeting of Conference, where 500 religious leaders took part. “Jewish community of Odessa is considered to be the flagman in Eastern Europe. Jewish institutions, created within the community impress much”, - said executive director of Conference of European Rabbis, rabbi Aba Dunner , and underlined especially that the choice of Ukrainian city is tribute of respect not only to Jewish community “Tikva”-“Ohr Sameah”, but also to “openness of Odessa, where all religions and cultures got their historical recognition”.

It’s planned that during 3 days of work the participants of the forum will discuss problems of anti-Semitism in Europe, various aspects of relationship between different religions. Besides that on agenda there are questions about spread of Jewish educational institutions in European countries, about cooperation with the union of American rabbis. There will be also discussed the international project on creation of database of all European cemeteries of Europe and about their reconstruction and preservation.

As director for international ties of CER Philip Karmel specified today, the following leaders will participate: President of CER and chief rabbi of France Yosef Sitruk; constant representative of CER in European Union, chief rabbi of Brussels Albert Gigi; representative of CER at UNESCO, chief rabbi of Geneva Yitzchak Dayan; chief rabbi of Moscow Pinchas Goldschmidt, chief rabbi of Rome Dr. Ricardo Di Sengi, chief rabbi of Austria professor Paul Hakim Eisenberg, President of European supreme rabbinic court rabbi Hanoh Ehrentreau and others.

Receiving side - chief rabbi of Ukraine Yaakov Dov Bleich and chief rabbi of Odessa and Odessa region, member of Standing committee of Conference Shlomo Baksht.

***

15.05.2007
RABBIS OF EUROPE IN ODESSA

On 28-30 May in Odessa there will be held the meeting of Standing committee of Conference of European Rabbis, the biggest international union of Jewish communities and their leaders.

This was informed by Odessa Judaic religious community “Tikva”-“Ohr Sameah”, on the base of which the forum will work. For today the participation was confirmed by President of CER and chief rabbi of France Yosef Sitruk, chief rabbi of Kiev and Ukraine Yaakov Dov Bleich, chief rabbi of Moscow Pinchas Goldschmidt, chairman of London supreme rabbinic court rabbi Hanoh Ehrentreau, leaders of Jewish communities of Berlin, Marseilles, Manchester and other European cities.

Member of Standing committee of Conference, chief rabbi of Odessa and Odessa region Shlomo Baksht informed that during the meeting it is planned to discuss two main themes: problem of anti-Semitism in Europe and questions of relationship and co-existence of different religions.

- The purpose of our Conference is not the pressure at anybody, - informed rabbi Shlomo Baksht. – The fact itself is important, that there exists the organization, which represents interests of people that not just live in Europe but is a part of it. And it’s important not only for us but for European countries. It’s not by chance that politicians of world level participate in work of Conference (for example, at latest Conference held in 2006 in London we met Prime-Minister of Great Britain Tony Blair).

Today in united Europe very interesting and unique processes are taking place – for example, the change of national legislations in correspondence with all-European principles and values. Of course, it’s not easy, and it means dialogue is important both between countries and between peoples. The main thing is for all of us to learn to talk to each other and to hear each other.

In Odessa guests also will get acquainted with present Jewish life, the resurrection of which started in the first part of 1990s. When forming the infrastructure of the community, besides re-creation of religious institutes, return of Main synagogue at Yevreiskaya street (1996) to believers and huge reconstruction of this monument of history and architecture, the special attention was paid to organization of branched educational system, combining Jewish religious tradition with principles of contemporary pedagogy.

Odessa Jewish educational complex “Tikva”-“Ohr Sameah” today consists of kindergarten, elementary school, schools for boys and girls, Jewish University, boarding schools, where children (from Ukraine and other countries of CIS) live at full board. Totally about 1000 children study at the complex. Besides that there are kolel and yeshiva (religious educational institutions, where future rabbis are prepared).

Traditional for Odessa, Jewish community is integrated into life of the city and it actively develops international connections: representations of organization “Tikva Children’s Home” work in Israel, USA, and Great Britain. In frames of community there was created the system of cashrut; educational, charitable, culturological, media projects are realized.

In 2004 Odessa community received a special reward “for resurrection of Jewish life in Odessa” from Conference of European Rabbis.

INFO. Conference of European Rabbis (CER), the biggest union of orthodox Jewish leaders in Europe, was created in 1956. 400 Jewish communities are represented in CER from more than 40 countries, all chief rabbis and heads of rabbi courts of the continent. CER obtains the status of consultant at Council of Europe and institutions of European Union. Every two years forums of Conference with attraction of authoritative religious leaders, leading political and social public figures of different countries, acknowledged European experts in different spheres of sciences are held in one of European capitals. The place for Conference of 2008 will be defined at the meeting in Odessa.

Tikva Children's Home